Oregon lawmakers cleared the way in a scripted special session for $100 million more in state rental assistance and $100 million more for local efforts to prevent evictions.
During the one-day special session on Monday, lawmakers also approved $25 million for enforcement against illegal cannabis-growing in Southern Oregon and $18 million for resettlement of up to 1,200 refugees who fled after the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan. They also released $100 million already set aside for relief from the continuing drought in outlying areas of Oregon.
Portland, Gresham, Hillsboro and Beaverton are among the 14 cities that will receive $1 million each to deal with homelessness.
Adjournment took place at 7:03 p.m.
Gov. Kate Brown called the special session, the year's second, to approve more rental assistance and extend the grace period for evictions stemming from the coronavirus pandemic. But the final agenda came together just a few days beforehand, when Brown and legislative leaders from both parties agreed to include a few other items.
"There was no plan. No agreement. Success was not guaranteed. Your Legislature worked hard since that day," Senate President Peter Courtney, the veteran Salem Democrat, said.
"Oregonians can be proud of their legislators today, Democrat and Republican. We came together to send relief — hope — to Oregonians in crisis."
Minority Republicans had resisted a special session, though not the rental assistance, which they said could have been approved by the 20-member Emergency Board.
Majority Democrats said only the full Legislature could extend the grace period for evictions. The E-Board cannot pass legislation.
Impetus for session
Although some cities and counties are still accepting them, the Oregon Department of Housing and Community Services stopped new applications for rental assistance after Dec. 1. Agency officials said that pending applications were likely to consume the rest of the $289 million available from federal funds — $180 million has been paid out to landlords as of Dec. 11 — and the state still would not have enough to cover all pending requests.
House Speaker Tina Kotek, D-Portland, called for a special session months ago.
"Today, we kept our promise and protected thousands from losing their homes this winter," she said, along with other priority items.
"I'm appreciative of the bipartisan work that led to this successful emergency special session to provide relief for every part of the state."
The $200 million that lawmakers drew from the state budget a year ago for rental assistance has been spent. Oregon has applied for $200 million more in federal aid from the U.S. Treasury, but that money is unlikely to come until spring — and even if it comes, it will be the last installment.
Meanwhile, more than 10,000 applications, many of them in the three Portland metro counties, are past the grace periods established by state law and county actions. State law allows 60 days from when a tenant has informed a landlord about an application being filed; in Multnomah and Washington counties and the city of Beaverton, it is 90 days.
"During wintertime, we want to make sure Oregonians are kept whole," said Sen. Kayse Jama, D-Portland, who leads the Senate housing panel. "We also want to make sure that landlords who are struggling get the resources they need."
Senate Republican Leader Tim Knopp of Bend helped broker the deal after Republicans resisted the initial call for a special session.
"We do have people with the possibility of being evicted," he said. "We do have landlords who still have to be made whole. There have been several hundred million dollars already spent.
"In order to protect them and protect landlords, the only option we have today in this emergency session is to provide these funds and that certainty to tenants in a defined period."
Dissent is voiced
A companion bill (Senate Bill 891) extends the grace period for tenants against evictions for nonpayment of rent from Feb. 28 to June 30, 2022. The grace period goes back to April 1, 2020, at the start of the pandemic. The grace period for tenants who have shown landlords proof of application for assistance is now set at Sept. 30, 2022, or whenever the landlord receives the assistance payment.
That bill passed the Senate, 22-6, and the House, 37-18.
At least 10 House Republicans spoke against that bill and called on Brown to replace Margaret Salazar as leader of the state housing agency.
"House Republicans urge significant changes to these agencies under Democrat control," GOP Leader Vikki Breese-Iverson of Prineville said. "We call on the governor to dramatically increase oversight to ensure this money gets to real people in need."
Brown said she is aware that the agency, plus community action agencies in the counties, must reduce the huge backlog of applications.
"While we have made significant progress in improving the delivery of rental assistance in the last several weeks, we know that renters and their landlords are counting on these additional state resources and that we must move quickly," Brown said in a statement.
The rental assistance money was contained in a larger budget bill that included these items:
• Resettlement of up to 1,200 Afghan refugees who will start arriving in Oregon early next year, $18 million. A task force led by Jama and Rep. Khanh Pham, D-Portland, recommended the request, which was not controversial.
• Aid to farmers and ranchers affected by the continuing drought, mostly in Southern and Eastern Oregon, $100 million. The amount is drawn from $150 million that lawmakers already set aside in the current two-year state budget for natural disasters. About $40 million is in the form of forgivable loans (Senate Bill 892 sets up a process) and $10 million is for specified irrigation districts.
• Efforts against large-scale illegal cannabis growing, mostly in Southern Oregon, $25 million. Most of it ($20 million) will be made available in grants by the Oregon Criminal Justice Commission to local police agencies; $5 million goes to the Oregon Water Resources Department for more staff to deal with illegal water use that interferes with water rights.
• A project by the Port of Portland to develop a prototype of modular housing units made from mass timber, $5 million. It also will assess economic and environmental effects, and the efficiency of creating these housing units to deal with the housing crisis in Oregon.
• Among the smaller items are $19 million, already in the state budget, for the Oregon Health Authority to increase reimbursement rates that it cut for dental care under the Oregon Health Plan; $10 million for the Oregon Tourism Commission (Travel Oregon) to give outfitters whose business suffered during the pandemic-induced downturn; $2 million for a program for gun violence prevention in East Multnomah County.